The following exercise is a board game that aims at making visible challenges and difficulties of everyday life – academic-related and otherwise – connected to Neoliberal Compliance, Eurocentrism, and Migra*BPoC Resistance, as well as enforcing strategies of mutual cooperation and support. The activity’s methodology is inspired by Paulo Freire’s ideas on exercises of codification and de-codification, which entails a three phase activity.
Firstly, a common issue within the participants is identified in a quasi-ethnographic approach; i.e., through carefully listening to the group, educators/ researchers identify topics that afflict the participants.
Following, these topics are codified in one observable support – a board game in this case – in order to present and represent the issue in an observable manner.
Lastly, the situations observed during the game should be discussed with the participants under an organized moderation (the de-codification), connecting the circumstances observed during the game with the participants’ everyday life.
The Academic Carousel is a board game that accompanies 5 players on their way to graduation at the university. The students know each other because they are all in the same semester of the same degree program. The aim is to reveal the challenges of everyday university life arising for Migra*BPoC students.
The exercise will take about 60 to 90 minutes and ends when all players reach the center of the game, which is ultimately the aim of the game. Further the game ends if the players run out of Event Cards or time.
The exercise consists of 4 phases:
- Each player receives an individual Character Card. From the pre-established 3 characteristics the players have 10 minutes to make up a personage, filling with content and imagining a personal background and biography, a history, socio-economic situation and so forth (they can help each other in this task). The document “Questions on role finding” will help the participants to put themselves into their roles.
- The players should ask each other about their characters, making them get to know one another. After that each player introduces their Character Card to the other players. During this moment, the players can add new characteristics which they believe to be relevant in the development of their personage’s background.
- The board exercise in itself. Each player places their personage at the beginning of the path. The moderator will take one of the Event Cards and read it out loud. They should briefly discuss together to whom this event might present a problem (and why) and decide who of them can go forward (either one their own or through support of others) and who cannot.
Every draw of an Event Card is a participative moment, where the players must debate together whether they can go forward or not, and point out the reasons. Each Event Card provides questions to help reflect on the decisions. This is also a moment to find solutions and help each other to walk ahead; as the target of the exercise is that everybody reaches the last point. The picking of Event cards continues until all players reach the center of the board or until they run out of Event Cards.
Eventually, the exercise can end with no one reaching the center, and/ or they can go further and leave someone behind in one round, if they cannot identify options for mutual support to a specific Event Card.
- After the end of the exercise, they should come together and debate on what happened during the game. The document “Reflection Questions” can be used as a guideline.
In this phase, the participants can exchange their experiences, feelings, and thoughts they had during the game and analyze and reflect on them. The empowering concept of the game is located in understanding reality as a socio-historically constructed, and as such can be changed. As every person is a constituent part of society, even under oppressive bureaucratic systems people can rebel against it and make changes. Therefore, one source of power is to understand that life is changeable. That means to perceive that a discriminated person, who usually feels small in relation to Eurocentric norms and neoliberal challenges, can be able to resist these adversities building bridges, as the barriers are not as organic and unavoidable as they seem to be.
Online Version of the Academic Carousel (steps, instructions and timing)
- Introduction of the game in the plenary on Zoom:
All participants meet in the plenary to receive an introduction (including the guidelines) to the game by the teacher or initiator of the game. Depending on the number of participants, they will be divided into 3 to 6 groups.
- Each participant is assigned a Character Card randomly. There should be at least 2 players and one moderator to play the game (10 minutes).
- Each group is accessing Miro to enter the game, there is a path that guides them through the game. First they create individually the role of their Character Card by using the “Reflection Questions”. They should write down some weaknesses and strengths on the provided space. This will help them master the Event Cards later (10 minutes).
- It follows the presentation of the built characters to the other players of the group
- The moderator is in charge to guide the game, he/ she reads out loud the Event Cards, pays attention to the time management, ensures respectful communication and makes notes on the respective moves.
- Now the game can start. The players choose a game piece (a star) and place it to the short description of their character at a start field of the path on the board game.
- The players have 5 minutes to discuss whether they can master an event or not.
- There are 10 Event Cards. The moderator takes notes on the steps.
- The game ends when the whole team reaches the center and graduates; if they run out of Event Cards or time (after 50 minutes).
- The participants are asked to take a screenshot at the end of the game to compare the game results with the other groups.
- Finally, each participant is reflecting individually on his/ her role during the game by using the “Reflection Questions” (10 minutes).
After that all groups will meet in Zoom again to have an end discussion/ reflection on the game, led by the teacher or initiator (10 minutes).
Altogether, the exercise contributes to the following reflections:
The exercise aims to create awareness on structural and institutional discrimination, unequal distribution of opportunities in society and opportunities for participation. The participants should identify and reflect circumstances in which Migra*BPoC students accept or comply with norms that hinder their full academic life experience to either avoid further problems or to focus on difficulties perceived as more urgent.
It unveils personal daily and/ or institutionally organized acts when Migra*BPoC students gather energy to cope with their challenges and resist.
Sensitisation and reflection of the prevailing and one’s own stereotypes about different groups as well as of one’s own intersectional privileges and the reasons they are connected to (e.g. group membership, and being perceived to belong to a certain group) and what consequences this has for everyday life and studies is another objective.
- To create awareness on structural and institutional discrimination, unequal distribution of opportunities in society and opportunities for participation.
- To underline and discuss patterns and norms that are perceived as natural and logical, but are socio-historical constructs based on white privilege and Western European colonialism.
- To identify and reflect circumstances in which Migra*BPoC students accept or comply with norms that hinder their full academic life experience to either avoid further problems or to focus on difficulties perceived as more urgent.
- To unveil personal daily and/ or institutionally organized acts when Migra*BPoC students gather energy to cope with their challenges and resist.
- Sensitisation and reflection of the prevailing and one’s own stereotypes about different groups as well as of one’s own intersectional privileges and the reasons they are connected to (e.g. group membership, and being perceived to belong to a certain group) and what consequences this has for everyday life and studies is another objective.
- The try to promote and impulse for discussion about the distribution of opportunities and (structural) discrimination, for mutual support and cooperation, in order to understand, create and strengthen interpersonal support networks and alliances.
- To promote contact between people with similar issues, enabling the awareness that the barriers are not an individual incapacity.