Building a pedagogy of the alliance
The BRIDGES project aims to combat racial discrimination and structural racism in higher education institutions in the European Union. To do so, it starts from the idea that any possible solutions will only be possible thanks to a series of alliances between dissimilar organisations. Taking this framework as a starting point, this workshop draws on the experience of political organisation of the PAR Barcelona and proposes the idea of a Pedagogy of the Alliance as a means to explore the importance of establishing connections and carrying on care politics in anti-racist work within universities. To this end, work will be carried out at two different levels. On the one hand, during the preparation of the activity by the teacher, through the creation of connections with relevant social agents outside the higher education institution where the course is being held. These “allies” will be co-dynamizers and participants in the activity that will take place in class — the second level of work in the workshop. This 1.5-2 hour exercise, explained below, is aimed at reflecting in small groups on alliances building as a pedagogical tool. You will do this through 3 levels.
The first level of reflection (“We are already made of alliances”) aims to reflect on alliances from the point of view of our own composition as persons. Alliances are inherent to us throughout our life cycle, we are made of them. This part draws on the broad legacy of feminist literature to think of ontologies as relational, trying to make visible the networks, inter-dependencies and care work that make it possible for us to exist, to gestate an idea, or to act politically.
The second level of the group work (“The life cycles of alliances”) the group will work on the learning that is possible thanks to alliances. Knowledge is something that is made possible thanks to partial connections that generate situated knowledge, knowledge that is collectivised remains localised to that time and place. The alliances we refer to go against extractivism and seek a horizontal way of doing things, they are based on respect, on creating and sustaining relationships of mutual support over time. The alliance teaches us to work on the basis of respect, to face and value the discomfort and tensions of building a common front; alliances are finite, they are built and deconstructed like all links to enrich the parties. In other words, we do not have to essentialise and romanticise them, but rather generate a practice of listening in relation to issues that occupy us and are common to us.
Finally, the third level (“Strategic alliances and possible futures”) will be aimed at working on the political and proactive dimension of alliances. Initially, this may refer to how alliances are intentional and strategic. Some are chosen over others for political agency. An example of this is the construction of political identities, formed through alliances of groups united in difference. At the same time, the construction of alliances refers to the construction of a particular political horizon, also offering fictions about the worlds we would like to build.
After these three moments of work in small groups, we will return to the large group to draw up joint conclusions that integrate the two levels of work of the workshop. The importance of the alliance will be discussed on the basis of the value of the presence of people from outside the higher education institution. They will have participated in the group work as one of the students of the course. They will bring their experience in the subject matter, but they will also contribute in practice to generate possible plans of alliances to transform racism inside and outside the university. In this way, the workshop aims to performatively show the implicit value of alliances between different organisations, while at the same time contributing de facto to establishing and strengthening these links.
- To make visible the importance of alliances and caring relationships in the daily life of people and organizations.
- To reflect on how the alliance can be a source of knowledge through the collectivisation of knowledge and the tensions that are implicit in it.
- To reflect on the political dimension of alliances and the horizons for change that are implicit in them.
- To reflect on the value of alliances through the experience of exchange with organisations outside the higher education institution.
Preliminary work: Search for social agents to create alliances.
Group exercise in class: Parts and suggestions for facilitators:
- Explanation of the general framework of the activity and its structure.
- Introduction of the co-facilitators.
Work in small groups
Thinking about alliances. The class is divided into groups of 3-5 people. Half of the groups will work on part A (“We are already made of alliances”); the other half will work on part B (“What do we learn from alliances?”). Discussion in the groups for 25 minutes.
Guiding questions for Team A – “We are already made of alliances”
- On the presence of different alliances throughout our lives:
- What relationships have kept us alive? What alliances have been important for the political work we have done (if people are linked to an organisation of any kind, as well as in their daily lives)?
- On care (interdependence, mutual support and reciprocity).
- Relationships between people involve a certain type of care: what would this care be in terms of building alliances? What do we understand by mutual support and how would it translate into an alliance?
- Once we recognise we inherently interdependent: how do we manage our differences within alliances to generate counter-hegemonic responses (anti-racist, anti-patriarchal…)? what would it imply in an alliance to have reciprocity practices? would these have to be bidirectional? or can they circulate as a chain of support between collectives, without the need to go back and forth?
Guiding questions for Team B – “What do we learn from alliances?”
- On how learning is collective and generates knowledge that is not possible without that connection:
- Think of an experience where you have learned from leaving your everyday place or where you have encountered heterogeneous and divergent knowledge. Tell the group about it.
- In these connections that are generated, how do we share resources, ideas, how do we recognise the different genealogies that make us up? In these connections, limits and mutual respect for the work and the knowledge and experience of each collective are managed.
- On the value of discomfort and tensions as a source of learning:
- What factors make an alliance work or not work? One way to think about the value of alliances is to think about those that are held in tension. Why is the relationship worth saving? Why maintain that link? What value is there in those links that challenge us and question our positions? What knowledge can there be in discomfort?
Wrap up in assembly. Once the first 25 minutes have passed, the small groups come back together in the larger group, and the most important themes that have emerged are shared. Approximately 15 minutes.
Where do the alliance take us? The group divides back into the same groups as before to work on the third level of reflection on alliances. During this last part, the small groups will work to formulate a concrete proposal on how alliances can contribute to a more anti-racist university.
- What possible alliances can be made between the university and other social actors to combat racism in the university?
- What image of the university does this vision give us through alliances?
- How can alliances help us to create a more inclusive university?
Group conclusions – all groups share what they have concluded from the exercise
Finally, the small groups share their proposals for working with the alliance and there is a small debate on what they have worked on during the session.
What is the value of this joint work? How does their experience enrich the content of the course and add new lines to the anti-racist work at the university?
Required reading (concepts/tools)
Gandarias Goikoetxea, Itziar. 2014. «Habitar las incomodidades en investigaciones feministas y activistas desde una práctica reflexiva». Athenea Digital. Revista de pensamiento e investigación social 14 (4): 289-304.
Puig de la Bellacasa, María. 2012. «‘Nothing Comes Without Its World’: Thinking with Care». The Sociological Review 60 (2): 197-216.